#  Title  Journal  Year  Citations 


1  Evolution strategies – A comprehensive introduction  Natural Computing  2002  1,930 
2  Recent approaches to global optimization problems through Particle Swarm Optimization  Natural Computing  2002  1,131 
3  BGSA: binary gravitational search algorithm  Natural Computing  2010  623 
4  A survey on metaheuristics for stochastic combinatorial optimization  Natural Computing  2009  543 
5  A review of particle swarm optimization. Part I: background and development  Natural Computing  2007  510 
6  A review of particle swarm optimization. Part II: hybridisation, combinatorial, multicriteria and constrained optimization, and indicative applications  Natural Computing  2008  413 
7  A tutorial on multiobjective optimization: fundamentals and evolutionary methods  Natural Computing  2018  387 
8  Immune system approaches to intrusion detection – a review  Natural Computing  2007  224 
9  Learning probability distributions in continuous evolutionary algorithms – a comparative review  Natural Computing  2004  204 
10  A study of drift analysis for estimating computation time of evolutionary algorithms  Natural Computing  2004  203 
11  Computation with finite stochastic chemical reaction networks  Natural Computing  2008  201 
12  Classifiers that approximate functions  Natural Computing  2002  168 
13  Genetic circuit building blocks for cellular computation, communications, and signal processing  Natural Computing  2003  165 
14  Abstraction layers for scalable microfluidic biocomputing  Natural Computing  2008  151 
15  Description and composition of bioinspired design patterns: a complete overview  Natural Computing  2013  135 
16  Artificial immune systems—today and tomorrow  Natural Computing  2007  134 
17  Complexity classes in models of cellular computing with membranes  Natural Computing  2003  132 
18  The evidence for neural information processing with precise spiketimes: A survey  Natural Computing  2004  124 
19  Minimum spanning trees made easier via multiobjective optimization  Natural Computing  2006  111 
20  Staged selfassembly: nanomanufacture of arbitrary shapes with O(1) glues  Natural Computing  2008  105 
21  Uniform solutions to SAT and Subset Sum by spiking neural P systems  Natural Computing  2009  101 
22  A novel text and image encryption method based on chaos theory and DNA computing  Natural Computing  2013  100 
23  Petri nets for modelling metabolic pathways: a survey  Natural Computing  2010  94 
24  A memetic algorithm for the generalized traveling salesman problem  Natural Computing  2010  93 
25  Spiking neural P systems with extended rules: universality and languages  Natural Computing  2008  90 
26  A review of morphogenetic engineering  Natural Computing  2013  90 
27  An introduction to tilebased selfassembly and a survey of recent results  Natural Computing  2014  88 
28  Deterministic function computation with chemical reaction networks  Natural Computing  2014  88 
29  Implausible consequences of superstrong nonlocality  Natural Computing  2013  84 
30  A Study on the use of ``selfgeneration'' in memetic algorithms  Natural Computing  2004  83 
31  Strand algebras for DNA computing  Natural Computing  2011  77 
32  A rigorous analysis of the compact genetic algorithm for linear functions  Natural Computing  2006  74 
33  Grammatical Swarm: The generation of programs by social programming  Natural Computing  2006  74 
34  Arrayrewriting P systems  Natural Computing  2003  73 
35  Computation of the travelling salesman problem by a shrinking blob  Natural Computing  2014  73 
36  Evolutionary swarm cooperative optimization in dynamic environments  Natural Computing  2010  72 
37  The computational power of cell division in P systems: Beating down parallel computers?  Natural Computing  2003  67 
38  Sorting of neural spikes: When wavelet based methods outperform principal component analysis  Natural Computing  2007  62 
39  Parallel evolutionary training algorithms for “hardwarefriendly” neural networks  Natural Computing  2002  60 
40  Using enzymatic numerical P systems for modeling mobile robot controllers  Natural Computing  2012  60 
41  Rough sets: past, present, and future  Natural Computing  2018  59 
42  Vector quantization using information theoretic concepts  Natural Computing  2005  58 
43  Solving the Hamiltonian path problem with a lightbased computer  Natural Computing  2008  58 
44  Scaling up genetic circuit design for cellular computing: advances and prospects  Natural Computing  2018  56 
45  An overview of quantum cellular automata  Natural Computing  2019  55 
46  Approximating Mexican highways with slime mould  Natural Computing  2011  54 
47  A selfadaptive communication strategy for flocking in stationary and nonstationary environments  Natural Computing  2014  54 
48  A simple massaction model for the eukaryotic heat shock response and its mathematical validation  Natural Computing  2011  53 
49  On string languages generated by spiking neural P systems with exhaustive use of rules  Natural Computing  2008  51 
50  A computational modeling for real ecosystems based on P systems  Natural Computing  2011  51 